Cannabidiol (CBD), derived from the cannabis plant is becoming popular across the medical community due to its therapeutic and medical benefits. Likewise, products made using it are gaining wider acceptance among people due to its lack of side effects and effectiveness in common ailments like headaches, muscle and joint pains, anxiety, bowel movement etc. These are made using extracts of the hemp plant and there are three main types namely: full-spectrum extract, broad-spectrum extract and isolates. The purpose of this primer is to understand the difference between these, read on to know more.
What Is A Hemp Extract?
Hemp products like CBD oil are made using hemp plant extracts that contain all the cannabinoids naturally found in the plant. Apart from this, there will be terpenes and flavonoids, which give each strain its own uniqueness in the form of aroma and flavours. The difference between each type of extract i.e. full-spectrum, broad-spectrum and isolates is very much about their cannabinoid profile, so let us discuss the difference between them.
Full-Spectrum Hemp Extract
As the name indicates it contains all the natural phytocannabinoids of the hemp plant, as well as the terpenes and flavonoids. Of the three types, this is the least processed and hence it will contain negligible or trace amounts of the psychotropic THC i.e. 0.3%. Because of this, there are chances of failing drug screening tests if you consume high doses of CBD products made using it. Besides, it has the added benefit of the entourage effect where the cannabinoids work in synergy to enhance the individual effect of each one of them.
Broad-Spectrum Hemp Extract
It is made by processing the raw hemp plant extract and this completely removes its THC content. This is more preferred by those who want to experience the benefits of using CBD products but don’t want to fail drug screening tests. Similar to a full-spectrum extract, this also possess the entourage effect.
Of all the types of CBD extracts, this is the most processed and hence purest form of cannabidiol i.e. 99% pure. So, it has the highest concentration of CBD per gram, but it lacks the entourage effect due to the absence of other cannabinoids and terpenes. This is more for those who want to only enjoy the benefits of pure CBDand have lower price compared to the previous two types of hemp extracts.
The terpene profile of the full or broad spectrum hemp extract gives them their aromas and they play an important role in the entourage effect. Similar to cannabinoids, they bind to chemical receptors in the body and impart benefits. One such terpene is beta-caryophyllene, it aids in gastrointestinal health and is useful for those who have bowel issues.